1 Corinthians 11

Commentary & Video
Chapter 11 Text & Video


 God's Headship Commentary

Most evangelical churches follow only two of the New Testament ordinances -- baptism and the Lord's Supper.  But there is actually a third New Testament ordinance no less important – God's Headship Ordinance!  And whether you realize it or not God's Headship is being publically demonstrated, in honor or dishonor, every time the church gathers, according to what God says.  Here is what God says about His Headship:

"Now I praise you, brethren, that ye remember me in all things, and keep the ordinances… that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God. Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonors his head.  But every woman who prays or prophesies with her head uncovered dishonors her head, for that is one and the same as if her head were shaved.  For if a woman is not covered, let her shave her head. But if it is a shame for a woman to be shaved, let her cover her head.  For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, since he is the image and glory of God; but the woman is the glory of man" (1Corinthians 11:2-7KJV).

This is God's Headship Ordinance.  And according to God, how every man and woman honors or dishonors God's Headship. 

Did you know there are far more verses throughout Scripture on the ordinance of God's Headship than there are on the other two ordinances of the Lord’s Supper and baptism put together!  In fact the apostle Paul instructs on the Lord's Supper only once in all his epistles.  But that should be enough to be faithful to the Lord Supper even as it should be for being faithful to head covering's symbolizing God's Headship.  The only way we show God's Headship in church is with head coverings in how men and women pray!  If we follow the ordinance of the Lord's Supper we certainly should follow the ordinance of God's Headship in praying and sharing!

The apostle Paul's primary basis for "head covering" is in regard to God's Headship!  For this reason alone "head covering" should never be ignored.  The apostle Paul declares that "head coverings" reflects three things:  "the image and glory of God" (1Cor. 11:7) and the "creation of God" (1Cor. 11:8-9)!  I know of no other single subject in all of the New Testament where obeying only one thing is a demonstration of so much!  Think about it:

  1. Women's head
  2. Men's Head
  3. Christ's Head
  4. God's image
  5. God's glory
  6. God's creation 

That is incredible!  Paul declares all this is seen and demonstrated through "head coverings", every time men and women pray and prophesy in church.  The Scripture declares that: 

  • God is the head of Christ
  • Christ is the head of men
  • Man is the head of woman        

God wants His Headship glory and order to always be on public display every time His church comes together.  God says His Headship will be seen by what the sisters wear and by what the brothers do not wear on their heads, every time they pray and prophesy:

A man dishonors his Head [Christ] if he covers his head while praying or prophesying.  But a woman dishonors her head [father or husband] if she prays or prophesies without a covering on her head” (1Cor. 11:4-5). 

To understand "prophesying", in the Old Testament prophesying was fore-telling the future or forth-telling God's Word.  However, in the New Testament Paul defined prophesying only as forth-telling:  "prophesying is for strengthening, encouraging and comforting others" (1Cor.14:3).  "Prophesying" sounds like a highly spiritual word to us today but actually in the New Testament times it was not used as some lofty super spiritual word at all.  It was a very common word used for anyone speaking or sharing.  This word was commonly used with both Christians (1Tim. 4:14) and non-Christians (1John 4:1; Titus 1:12) alike.  That's why Paul said, "Do not despise prophetic utterances.  But examine everything carefully; hold fast to that which is good" (1Thess. 5:20-21).  "Prophetic utterance" was not some infallible speaking but just sharing and it needed then and now to be "examined".  Even when Paul prophesied, in vernacular shared, it was examined whether it was correct according to Scripture:  "Now the Berean were of more noble character than those in Thessalonica, for they received the message with great eagerness and examined the Scriptures every day to see if what Paul said was true" (Acts 17:11).

So, when a man prays or shares in a church gathering he should not "cover his head" or he will be "dishonoring his Head (Christ)".  Because of America's deep rooted Christian culture, even most non-Christian men today take off their hats in respect of God when any public prayer is being given even outside the church.  Without most realizing it, this custom came from these verses that in the past were always honored out of respect of God's Headship.  And did you also know, since the time of Christ until the early 20th century, all women in Catholic as well as Protestant churches always covered their heads in church?  In the past most men wore hats but would always take them off in church.  Did you know that Martin Luther, John Calvin, John Knox and all Reformers taught this truth to be obeyed and followed by all Christian men and women in all their churches!

Think about it, wouldn't you even now consider it very disrespectful if a man leaves on his hat if he prays in church?  However, most never consider it disrespectful at all if a woman prays or shares anything in church with her head uncovered!  Yet the same verse that tells men NOT to cover their head when they pray or share also tells women TO cover their head when they pray or share.  Do such Christians today consider women inferior to men, as if what women do doesn't matter to God but only what men do?  But God does not think any less of women than men.  In fact we'll see later how all God's angels are actually looking at women in obeying this very thing, and with no reference made to men!

Are you not also aware the only biblical basis for a husband or father to be honored by their wife or daughter is on the basis of God's Headship order and this specific Scripture being one of the clearest on this subject?  Any man who does not think his wife or daughter needs to cover her head in church when she prays or shares, should never assume his wife or daughter should honor him at any time when out of church!  Such a man would be arrogant to assume he should be honored as head of his wife or daughter on his own authority and not under God's Headship authority and order in church!     

Today there is more worldly pressure on how women dress or what they wear than on men.  But God fearing husbands and fathers need to encourage and instruct their wives and daughters even in areas of dress according to 1Tim. 2:9-12. Many Christian men have failed in their Scriptural responsibility to love their wives and daughters in "washing them with the water of the word" (Eph. 5:25-26; 6:4). 

Today's humanistic feminists are doing more to influence Christian wives and daughters than are Christian husbands and fathers. But in past centuries the church and Christian men in the western world established God's dress standard for their wives and daughters, and society at large.  However, those who honor God more than the praises of men will still heed what the apostle Paul said to the whole Christian world in Rome:  "Don't copy the behavior and customs of this world, but let God transform you into a new person by changing the way you think. Then you will learn to know God’s will, which is good and pleasing and perfect" (Rom.12:2NLT).

And head coverings is God's will for all godly women when they pray and share in church gatherings.  "A woman dishonors her man head if she prays or shares without a covering on her head” (1Cor.11:5CVB).  So every woman when in church praying or sharing "without a covering on her head" is dishonoring her God given head, her husband or father.  

However, many men who do not instruct their wives or daughters in this area may have simply been ignorant of the Scripture and God's Headship ordinance.  But if they look at this Scripture closely, and still do not follow it, they then ignore it to their own demise and dishonor, not to speak of the dishonor of God and His Headship.   

However, some men really don't want to be viewed as their wife's head because of all the responsibility and sacrifice that goes with being their wife's head.  To be respected and responsible as head a man needs to love his wife as Christ sacrificially loves the church, to provide for her, to protect her and to care for her - spiritually, emotionally and physically.  "When someone has been given much, much will be required in return; and when someone has been entrusted with much, even more will be required" (Luke 12:48).  Doing much more is always required of a head.              

The man that is indifferent to his wife or daughter in honoring God's Headship order is also indifferent to "the image and glory of God" (1Cor. 11:7) and the "creation of God" (1Cor. 11:8-9), as this Scripture says.  Such a man is also indifferent to his wife or daughter being God's special picture of the church and how she is to reflect that to the world (Eph. 5:32).    

God's Headship is not just for men and married women but also for single women.  The text makes no reference to whether the woman is married or single.  The chapter never uses the word "wife" but only and always "women" or "woman", because this is God's picture of His creation order for all male and female in the world.  This chapter is addressing the male/female creation order according to God's Headship: 

God over Christ. 
Christ over man. 
Man over woman. 

Or it can be viewed one over the other:


The married woman's one head is only to be her one husband.  The single woman’s one head is only to be her one father.  If she has neither a father nor a husband, it could be her uncle such as Esther with her uncle in the book of Esther in the Bible.  But just as "it is not good for a man to be alone", no less so is it good for a woman to be alone, to have no head to which she can be a helper (Gen. 2:18).  Initially she is to be a helper to her father who is her head, and in time if marriage, a helper to her husband who is to then be her head.  God has created every woman to have a head.  A woman without a head is just as insidious as the Biblical analogy would picture - a body with no head!

If a man prays or shares in church with his head covered, he is dishonoring his Head, Christ.  In God's eyes he is publically declaring he does not honor his Christ Head and therefore only honoring himself as his own head.  But in doing this a man really does not become his own head but has come under the only other invisible headship there is – Satan and his headship.  This is the only result when not being under God's Headship, whether a person realizes it or not. 

The same is true with any woman who prays or shares without a head covering.  In God's eyes she is publically declaring herself to be her own head, and really thereby putting herself under Satan's headship.  And also whether she realizes it or not.                      

Since the time of creation any man or woman that is not under their God ordained head… inevitably comes under the influence and headship of Satan.  This was true with the first sin:

"The serpent was the shrewdest of all the wild animals the Lord God had made. One day he asked the woman, 'Did God really say you must not eat the fruit from any of the trees in the garden?' 

'Of course we may eat fruit from the trees in the garden,' the woman replied.  'It’s only the fruit from the tree in the middle of the garden that we are not allowed to eat. God said, ‘You must not eat it or even touch it; if you do, you will die.’

'You won’t die!' the serpent replied to the woman.  'God knows that your eyes will be opened as soon as you eat it, and you will be like God, knowing both good and evil.'  The woman was convinced.  

She saw that the tree was beautiful and its fruit looked delicious, and she wanted the wisdom it would give her. So she took some of the fruit and ate it.

Then she gave some to her husband and he ate it, too.  At that moment their eyes were opened, and they suddenly felt shame at their nakedness" (Gen. 3:1-7).

Eve did not honor her God ordained head, Adam.  She became independent, walking independent from her God ordained head.  At which time she then immediately became under Satan's influence, headship and deception.  Satan is "the shrewdest of all".  There is no woman on earth that Satan cannot and will not deceive and beguile who is independent from her God ordained head.  "Satan as an angel of light" (2Cor. 11:14) was now leading Eve.  Satan became Eve's new head!  Eve was completely beguiled and deceived by Satan.  "The woman was convinced!Satan was now Eve's new beautiful head, "angel of light" (2Cor.11:14).   

The "tree was beautiful and its fruit looked delicious, and she wanted the wisdom it would give her."  She ate the fruit being fully "convinced" that was the best thing to do.  The independent woman will always be convinced she is right and has all wisdom.   

At this point the wife will begin to lead the husband and the husband will follow, already having ignored and/or abandoned his headship.  At this time Eve began to be the head of Adam and to lead him.  Now functioning as head over Adam, Eve took the fruit and first ate it herself.  Then she gave it to Adam to eat and Adam followed his wife's lead and he then ate the fruit! 

Eve was "convinced" this would make her more godlike as she was then so easily deceived in believing.  But the exact opposite happened!  What Eve was "convinced" would give her greater life actually gave her death!  "There is a path before each person that seems right, but it ends in death" (Pro.14:12; 16:25).    

Eve's one time independence, getting out from under her husband's headship, caused her death!  It also caused her husband's death, her children's death and ultimately the death of the whole human race!  That's what happened the first time a woman got out from under her husband, her God ordained head!  This was the first sin of woman and the most fundamental sin of all, going out from under God's Headship order.  But no less so today if any woman does not want to be subject to God's ordained headship order, she too in time will inevitably experience death of some sort.

When any woman goes out from under her God given head she will immediately and always be set up for deception.  In fact that's the first step of deception!  "Satan as an angle of light" (2Cor. 11:14) will then always be there to "comfort" her as her new beautiful head.  Satan is the only other head outside of the God-Head.  Eve had never sinned; she was perfect.  Yet out from under her head even Eve could not help but immediately be in total blind deception!  God has not given us His Headship order to suppress us but only to protect us and free us to be in His sphere to experience His abundant life:  "The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; but Jesus came that we might have life and have it more abundantly!" (John 10:10).

The simple definition of being "deceived", is not knowing you're deceived. 

A woman's first step of blind deception is her first step out from under her God ordained head, her husband or father's headship authority.  For this reason God said, "I do not let women teach men or have authority over them.  Let them listen quietly.  For God made Adam first, and afterward He made Eve.  And it was not Adam who was deceived by Satan.  The woman was deceived, and sin was the result" (1Tim. 2:12-14). 

But the woman under God's Headship order, under her God given head, is the woman that is not living in deception and will experience God's freedom and power, and God's rich full life for her.  This woman is the most beautiful woman in the world, in every God given way.  "This is how the holy women of old made themselves beautiful" (1Peter 3:5).  Such godly women have peace and feel secure and are protected under God's Headship.  They are most productive and influential under God's creation order and His Headship authority.

A woman is "not to teach or exercise authority over a man" (1Tim. 2:12), that is another reason why she is to cover her head when she prays and prophesies.  Praying and prophesying is not the same as teaching, but prophesying especially comes close to teaching and could be viewed as exercising authority over a man.  It is for that reason that a woman is to wear a veil when praying or prophesying.  If she is wearing a veil at such time it clearly shows she is doing it under the submission and authority of God's head for her, her husband.  But spontaneous praying and sharing is not quite the same as premeditative, authoritative teaching.  Also when they were praying and prophesying it seems it was open for all to be participating.  But teaching is not particularly spontaneous and more designated and with designated authority by the more mature brothers or elders.  However, when it was an open time for prayer and sharing, all brothers and sisters could and did pray and share (1Cor. 11:2-7; 14:26-31), but in the manner that honored God's Headship.  

For a woman not to "teach" (Gr: "didasko") man is a completely different Greek word and meaning than a woman "praying" (Gr: "proseuchomai") or "prophesying" (Gr: "propheteuo").  Also, where God said not to "allow a woman to teach or exercise authority over a man, but to remain quiet" (1Tim.2:12), was in the very next context of elders/overseers who were to be "able to teach" (1Tim. 3:2).     

There is another Scripture in 1Corthians 14: 34, that some stumble over where it tells women to keep "silent" (Gr: "sigao") in the church and not to "speak" or translated "talk" (Gr: "laleo").  However, here again, "speaking" or "talking" is not the same as "praying" or "prophesying".  And since all men and women were instructed as how to pray and prophesy in church and we see they were doing that, for women to remain "silent" had to be for something in that context other than praying or prophesying.  Some have said maybe they were praying silently but for sure no one can prophesy in silence!  So for sure women were not silent regarding prayer and prophesying.  If God did not want both men and women to pray and prophesy he would not have told both men and women HOW each of them should pray and prophesy.     

However, there is NO Scripture teaching, reason or logic for a woman to ever cover her head just because she is in church.  There is no Scripture that says.  The only purpose for a woman to cover her head in church is if and when she prays or shares, as all men and women did pray and share in New Testament church gatherings (1Cor. 11:2-7; 14:26-31).

So in 1Corinthians 14:34, when Paul said for women to be silent and not be talking, he couldn't have made it any more clear.  Scripture always defines itself most in its own context.  In fact the sentence right before further confirms what the issue was: "For God is not a God of disorder but of peace, as in all the meetings of God’s holy people.  Women should be silent during church…"

Also, the sentence that followed further clarified the issue of being quite and it definitely had nothing to do with praying or prophesying.  Women were evidently not showing a spirit of submission to their own husbands in speaking up and asking questions of what would have been to other men that were not their husband.  This was dishonoring and un-submissive to their own husbands.  So God said, "Women should be silent during the church meetings.  It is not proper for them to speak. They should be submissive, just as the Law says.  If they have any questions, they should ask their husbands at home."

So women were talking and disrupting, asking questions obviously of other men, not being "submissive, just as the Law says" to their own husbands.  The wives were to honor their own husbands in asking their own husband their questions, and to do it at home.  

But a woman may pray and prophesy in church (1Cor. 11:4-5), as long as "a woman should wear a covering on her head to show she is under authority" (1Cor.11:10) of her head, her husband

But when any man or woman rebels in any way against God, and I would say especially God's Headship, it is a sin of the worst order, a sin as great as witchcraft!  God says, "Rebellion is as sinful as witchcraft" (1Sam. 15:23).  God wants the entire world, much less His own spiritual family, to show their submission to His creation Headship order. 

Now, no one should ever presume a woman is inferior to a man because she is to cover her head showing submission to her husband/head.  Being under submission to God's ordained headship order never reflects being inferior but rather just the opposite… a person under, and therefore with, God's authority, power, honor and glory.  Is Christ inferior to God?  No, yet "God is the head of Christ" (1Cor. 11:3).  Was Jesus ever inferior to God His Father?  No, yet Jesus only did what God His Father said to do.  Jesus Christ was powerful because He was always under His Godhead!

And Jesus was never ashamed to show it.  In fact He exalted in it!  Christ is certainly not inferior to God now, but 1 Corinthians 11:3 says right now that God is the head of Christ!  Should any of us be so arrogant or rebellious to think we should resist in any way God's Headship order, especially something as simple as a head covering, when Christ Himself is right now submitting?

Now some try to explain this all away by saying a woman's hair is her “covering”.  But the context does not permit that.  If it did, then in the same context a man’s hair would also be his “covering”.  And then a man would need to take off his “hair” every time he prays or shares in church, and I guess put his "hair" back on when he leaves church!  And a woman would need to put her “hair” on every time she prays or shares in church?  Such an interpretation is truly humorous, yet some people blindly hold to such thinking!  Furthermore, if "hair" was to be the woman's head covering, there obviously would be no reason to even bring up this subject.  But the Scripture is clear:

“A woman dishonors her head if she prays or shares without a covering on her head, for this is the same as shaving her head.  Yes, if she refuses to wear a head covering, she should cut off all her hair!  But since it is shameful for a woman to have her hair cut or her head shaved, she should wear a covering” (1Cor. 11:5-6CVB).

It is impossible in this context to interpret a woman's “covering” to be her “hair”.  However, what easily confuses some, later in this same chapter, the word “covering” is used in reference to a woman's actual “hair” (1Cor. 11:14-15).  But there it is talking about a woman's "long hair" compared to a man's "short hair".  Furthermore, even though the same English word, "covering", is used in most English Bibles, the words in the Greek text are actually different.  The Greek word for "covering" initially in the chapter (verses 5-6) is "katakalyptō", for a cloth cover or veil, as is also obvious in the context as we have seen.  But the Greek word for "covering" later in the chapter (verses 14-15) is "peribolaion".  Not only is this a different Greek word but what is being talked about is also entirely different.  In verse 14-15, "covering" ("peribolaion"), is actually defined in context as a woman's "long hair", and describing it as a woman's "glory" or also translated a woman's "beauty".  Just a side note, you don't usually see too many Miss Americas with chopped off short hair.  A woman's "long hair" should be one of her female distinctions as well as giving her physical beauty, even according to this Scripture.     

In the beginning of the chapter God is addressing His male/female creation order but later in the chapter God is addressing His male/female creation distinction.  In the later verses God declares "long hair" on a woman is her glory and beauty and if a man wants to look like a woman with long hair God says he is "disgraceful" or "a dishonor" (verse 14).  From creation God made male and female to be different and to look different with their hair and clothes.  God does not want male or female to blur the distinction of what they are with their hair or clothes - "A woman shall not wear man’s clothing, nor shall a man put on a woman’s clothing; for whoever does these things is an abomination to the Lord your God" (Deut. 22:5).  In fact, because a woman's long hair is her glory and beauty is no doubt one of the reasons God wants a woman to “cover her head when she prays and prophesies”, so her glory will not be seen but rather the glory of her head… and man not to cover his head so the glory of his Head, Christ, will be seen. 

Verse 14-15 also explains how "nature", a woman's natural physical long hair appearance, is a picture of her long hair physical covering her head, just like God wants to have the veil be a covering of her head to symbolically show His Headship with her being under her husband/head.

It’s interesting how all three church ordinances are intentionally public symbolic pictures: 

        o Baptism:          Jesus death, burial and resurrection. 

        o Lord’s Supper:  Jesus body and blood covenant/sacrifice. 

        o Head Covering: God's Headship over Christ, man and woman. 

But of all three ordinances, only God's Headship ordinance does God say His “angels are watching”!  How amazing is that!  

"For this reason, and because the angels are watching, a woman should wear a covering on her head to show she is under authority” (1Cor. 11:10NLT).   

In fact, the only place in the entire Bible where it says, "angels are watching", is where and when women are praying or sharing in church!  How important must this be to God… and His angels!  Why is it important for a woman "to show she is under authority”?  Only God can see in the heart of every person, and every woman's heart.  Not even angels can see in anybody's heart.  So the only way angels can see if a woman has a humble submissive spirit to God's Headship order is when she prays and shares with her head covered.  How amazing, that women can get such exclusive angelic heavenly attention over what most Christian women today don't even know about! 

But God has never been indifferent about the manner in which He is to be worshiped.  With Israel, "He sent lions among them to destroy them because they had not worshiped Him correctly” (2Kings 17:26NLT). 

The Old Testament says, before man was created a third of God's angels rebelled against God and His Headship.  God's angles and the demonic rebellious angels that went with Lucifer as their head, have been in continual warfare over earth ever since.  Honoring headship has been the essence of spiritual warfare ever since.  There has been continual rivalry in the heavens ever since.  Therefore, submission to God's Headship order is no small thing to God… or His angels!  This is the epicenter of God's warfare.  Now the Bible says God's angels are your "servants" (Heb. 1:14).  God's angels that remained with Him have remained under His authority to the mockery of the demonic world.  So all God's angels no doubt want to see every woman they are serving if she too is "showing she is under authority”.

In the book of Jude God says, "And I remind you of the demonic angels who did not stay within the limits of authority God gave them but left the place where they belonged. God has kept them securely chained in prisons of darkness, waiting for the great day of judgment" (Jude 1:6CVB).  This may give more insight as to why God speaks so strongly against women who are unwilling to cover their head when they pray or share, "… disgracing her head, for she is one and the same as the woman whose head is shaved" (1Cor. 11:5).  

A godly woman will love far more how God and His legions of angels see her when she prays or shares than what anyone else thinks.  By faith she will see the angels watching her. 

If to a woman, covering her head when praying and sharing, seems unfashionable, how unfashionable is being immersed under water in baptism?  She doesn't look too fashionable when she comes up!  How fashionable is it to symbolically be eating and drinking flesh and blood every time she eats the Lord's Supper?  No godly person argues against unfashionable baptism or Lord's Supper.  Should such a reason ever be in your mind to not honor God's Headship through head coverings? 

However, there is NO Scripture teaching, reason or logic for a woman to ever cover her head just because she is in church, unless when she prays or shares in church, as the text says.

Finally, just as the apostle Paul called the church of Corinth "carnal", admonishing it of all its carnalities, not least of which not honoring God's Headship through head coverings, he concludes his admonition on this subject on the carnality of "arguing" about it!

"But if anyone wants to argue about this, I simply say that we have no other custom than this, and neither do God’s other churches” (1Cor. 11:16NLT).     

Contrary to what some have thought, evidently head coverings were not too much the custom or fashion in the city of Corinth!  But whether custom, fashionable or not, God says don't argue about this because, "we have no other custom than this, and neither do God's other churches"!  Is it really too much for God to ask His church to keep only ONE custom!  

Well, if you still don't think it's dishonorable to a woman's head and God's Headship for a woman to pray or share in church with her head uncovered, than please tell all men to never take their hats off when they go in church to pray and share!  Otherwise, for God's sake and Headship, may we "have no other custom than this"!


I Corinthians 11
 Video Below


1) All of you imitate me and follow my example, just as I am following Christ.

God's Headship For Men & Women 
2) But now I praise you for having kept in mind everything I taught you and you have not let go of it.  You have kept the ordinances exactly as I told you. 

3) But there is one thing you must know! 

           God is head of Christ.

          Christ is head of man.

           Man is head of woman.

4) Every man who has something on his head when he prays or shares dishonors his Head - Christ.  5) Every woman who has her head uncovered or unveiled when she prays or shares dishonors her head – her husband or father.  She would be like a woman with a shaved head with no beauty.  6) Yes, if a woman refuses to wear a covering then she should sheer her head like a sheep.  But if she considers that to be a disgrace to have her hair all cut off or her head sheared, than cover the head!  7) A man should not wear anything on his head because he represents the image of God and His glory and rule over man but the woman represents the glory and splendor of man [subject to God].  8) Man did not come from woman but woman came from man [man, representing the image of God, and woman, the image of man].  9) Just as man was not created for woman but woman was created for man [man representing the image of God and woman the image of man].  10) For this reason, [woman, representing man under God's authority] a woman must wear a symbol of authority over her, and also because of the angels who are watching.

11) But in the Lord men and women are equal: man needs the woman as much as the woman needs the man;  12) the first woman came from man and all men are born of a woman.  However, everyone and everything comes from God! 

13) Judge for yourself: Is it appropriate for a woman to pray to God with her head unveiled?  14) Also doesn't what is natural regarding a man teach you that it is disgraceful for a man to have long hair.  15) But if a woman has long hair coveringA her head, it's her beauty and glory. 

AThis word "covering" in the Greek is "peribolaion", defined as a limited covering, as hair covering a limited part of a woman's head.  But everywhere else in this chapter where the word "covering" is used, it is a different Greek word, "katakalypto", which means a full veil covering of a woman's head and hair.  The word "katakalypto" comes from the Greek word "kalypto", meaning to "hide", as in this case a veil that hides the long hair glory of a woman. A woman covers and hides her long hair glory to instead honor the glory of her male head, and God’s Headship.  

Also, in all the previous verses "hair" could never be interpreted as the "covering".  Otherwise, it would be telling the man and woman to be putting their "hair" off and on every time they pray or prophesy in church.  Such an interpretation is humorous and obviously impossible.  

Verse 13-15 are summary: 1) Women are to cover their head when praying in church.  2) Men should have short hair and women long hair.  God made man and woman different for a purpose and His divine image.  God wants the male/female distinction to be shown when praying and sharing in church and with the natural different hair length, as well as dress - “A woman must not put on men’s clothing, and a man must not wear women’s clothing. Anyone who does this is detestable in the sight of the Lord your God” (Deut. 22:5).

16) Now if any want to be contentious about any of this, listen:  This is our only custom and the only custom of all the churches! 


Divisions, The Lord's Supper & Physical Health
17) Now in the following I do not praise you.  When you come together it's not for the better but for the worse.  18) To begin with, when you assemble as a church, I hear about divisions among you and I believe some of that to be true.  19) And for sure when believers start dividing up into different theological camps, then those who are godly become very evident. 

20) So when you come together to eat the Lord's Supper, that's not really what you are doing, 21) because each of you quickly grab your own food without sharing.  Some are going hungry and others are even getting drunk.  22) WHAT!  If you want to just eat and drink don't you have a home to do that in?  Do you despise God's gathering?  Do you want to shame those who had no food?  Do you want me to praise you for this?  I certainly do not!

23) For I received from the Lord Himself what I told you before.  The very night the Lord Jesus was betrayed, He took some bread. 24) He gave thanks for it, broke it and shared it with the others.  He said, "All of you eat it.  This is My body which I have broken and given up for all of you!  All of you give thanks in remembrance of Me."  25) In the same way He also took a cup after supper and said, "This cup is the new agreement between us, which I accomplish by pouring out all My blood for all of you!  So all of you give thanks as often as you drink this in remembrance of Me."  26) Until the Lord comes back for us, as often as we eat this bread and drink this cup, we continue to proclaim:  The Lord died for us!

27) Therefore whoever eats this bread and drinks this cup in an unworthy manner [being divisive or not sharing with others] is profaning the sacrifice of the Lord's body and blood!  28) Examine yourself very carefully every time you eat this bread and drink this cup.  29) When you eat this bread and drink this cup, if you do not judge and discern the body [that it also represents the body of believers], you will be eating and drinking God's punishing judgment on yourself!  30) It is for this very reason [being divisive] that many Christians are feeble, sick and many die prematurely! 

31) But if you judge yourself and change, then God will not judge, discipline or punish you through ill health or circumstances.  32) But when God judges us it is for discipline and training like children, not the same kind of judgment the unsaved get. 

33) Therefore, my brothers and sisters, when you come together to eat, wait [and share what you bring] for others.  34) If someone is so craving for food, eat at home, so when you come together to eat the Lord's Supper you don't bring God's punishment down upon yourself [being so selfish and divisive].

I'll give you instructions about the other matters when I come.    

Copyright © 2013, New Life Bible, Greenwood Fellowship, Greenwood Village, Co., 80111 




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